How do solar panels work


Solar panels are a popular and environmentally friendly way to generate electricity. They work by harnessing the power of the sun to create energy that can be used to power homes, businesses, and even entire cities. But how exactly do solar panels work?

Solar panels are made up of photovoltaic cells, which are typically made from silicon. When sunlight hits the cells, it causes the electrons in the silicon to become energized, creating an electric current. This current is then captured and converted into usable electricity.

The process begins with the sun emitting photons, which are particles of light. These photons are absorbed by the silicon cells in the solar panel, causing the electrons in the silicon to become excited and start moving. This movement of electrons creates a flow of electricity, which can then be harnessed and used to power electrical devices.

The electricity generated by solar panels is direct current (DC) electricity, which is then converted into alternating current (AC) electricity using an inverter. AC electricity is the type of electricity that is used to power most household appliances and devices.

Solar panels are typically installed on rooftops or in open areas where they can receive the most sunlight. The angle and orientation of the panels are important factors in maximizing their efficiency, as they need to be positioned to capture the most sunlight throughout the day.


solar panels work by converting sunlight into electricity through the use of photovoltaic cells. This clean and renewable energy source is becoming increasingly popular as a way to reduce reliance on fossil fuels and decrease carbon emissions. As technology continues to advance, solar panels are becoming more efficient and affordable, making them a viable option for sustainable energy production.